全新的MySQL 8.0行锁观测方式

发布时间:2020-05-26 浏览次数:466

全新的MySQL 8.0新增了全新的锁观测方式,在performance_schema下新增了data_locks表和data_lock_waits表

mysql> show tables like '%data_lock%';
+--------------------------------------------+
| Tables_in_performance_schema (%data_lock%) |
+--------------------------------------------+
| data_lock_waits                            |
| data_locks                                 |
| metadata_locks                             |
+--------------------------------------------+
3 rows in set (0.01 sec)

data_locks表

mysql> show create table data_locks\G
*************************** 1. row ***************************
       Table: data_locks
Create Table: CREATE TABLE `data_locks` (
  `ENGINE` varchar(32) NOT NULL,
  `ENGINE_LOCK_ID` varchar(128) NOT NULL,
  `ENGINE_TRANSACTION_ID` bigint unsigned DEFAULT NULL,
  `THREAD_ID` bigint unsigned DEFAULT NULL,
  `EVENT_ID` bigint unsigned DEFAULT NULL,
  `OBJECT_SCHEMA` varchar(64) DEFAULT NULL,
  `OBJECT_NAME` varchar(64) DEFAULT NULL,
  `PARTITION_NAME` varchar(64) DEFAULT NULL,
  `SUBPARTITION_NAME` varchar(64) DEFAULT NULL,
  `INDEX_NAME` varchar(64) DEFAULT NULL,
  `OBJECT_INSTANCE_BEGIN` bigint unsigned NOT NULL,
  `LOCK_TYPE` varchar(32) NOT NULL,
  `LOCK_MODE` varchar(32) NOT NULL,
  `LOCK_STATUS` varchar(32) NOT NULL,
  `LOCK_DATA` varchar(8192) CHARACTER SET utf8mb4 COLLATE utf8mb4_0900_ai_ci DEFAULT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`ENGINE_LOCK_ID`,`ENGINE`),
  KEY `ENGINE_TRANSACTION_ID` (`ENGINE_TRANSACTION_ID`,`ENGINE`),
  KEY `THREAD_ID` (`THREAD_ID`,`EVENT_ID`),
  KEY `OBJECT_SCHEMA` (`OBJECT_SCHEMA`,`OBJECT_NAME`,`PARTITION_NAME`,`SUBPARTITION_NAME`)
) ENGINE=PERFORMANCE_SCHEMA DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8mb4 COLLATE=utf8mb4_0900_ai_ci
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

说明:

  • ENGINE:持有或请求锁定的存储引擎

  • ENGINE_LOCK_ID:存储引擎持有或请求的锁的ID,锁ID格式是内部的,随时可能更改。

  • ENGINE_TRANSACTION_ID:请求锁定的事务存储引擎内部ID,可以将其视为锁的所有者

  • THREAD_ID:对应事务的线程ID,如果需要获取更详细的信息,需要关联threads表的THREAD_ID

  • EVENT_ID:指明造成锁的EVENT_ID,THREAD_ID+EVENT_ID对应parent EVENT,可以在以下几张表内获得信息

    • events_waits_xx表查看等待事件

    • events_stages_xxx查看到了哪个阶段

    • events_statements_xx表查看对应的SQL语句

    • events_transactions_current对应查看事务信息

  • OBJECT_SCHEMA:对应锁表的schema名称

  • OBJECT_NAME:对应锁的表名

  • PARTITION_NAME:对应锁的分区名

  • SUBPARTITION_NAME:对应锁的子分区名

  • INDEX_NAME:锁对应的索引名称,InnoDB表不会为NULL

  • OBJECT_INSTANCE_BEGIN:锁对应的内存地址

  • LOCK_TYPE:对应的锁类型,对InnoDB而言,可为表锁或者行锁

  • LOCK_MODE:锁模式,对应值可能为S[,GAP], X[, GAP], IS[,GAP], IX[,GAP], AUTO_INC和UNKNOWN

  • LOCK_STATUS:锁状态,可能为GRANTED或者WAITING

  • LOCK_DATA:锁对应的数据,例如如果锁定的是主键,那么该列对应的就是加锁的主键值

data_lock_waits表

mysql> show create table data_lock_waits\G
*************************** 1. row ***************************
       Table: data_lock_waits
Create Table: CREATE TABLE `data_lock_waits` (
  `ENGINE` varchar(32) NOT NULL,
  `REQUESTING_ENGINE_LOCK_ID` varchar(128) NOT NULL,
  `REQUESTING_ENGINE_TRANSACTION_ID` bigint unsigned DEFAULT NULL,
  `REQUESTING_THREAD_ID` bigint unsigned DEFAULT NULL,
  `REQUESTING_EVENT_ID` bigint unsigned DEFAULT NULL,
  `REQUESTING_OBJECT_INSTANCE_BEGIN` bigint unsigned NOT NULL,
  `BLOCKING_ENGINE_LOCK_ID` varchar(128) NOT NULL,
  `BLOCKING_ENGINE_TRANSACTION_ID` bigint unsigned DEFAULT NULL,
  `BLOCKING_THREAD_ID` bigint unsigned DEFAULT NULL,
  `BLOCKING_EVENT_ID` bigint unsigned DEFAULT NULL,
  `BLOCKING_OBJECT_INSTANCE_BEGIN` bigint unsigned NOT NULL,
  KEY `REQUESTING_ENGINE_LOCK_ID` (`REQUESTING_ENGINE_LOCK_ID`,`ENGINE`),
  KEY `BLOCKING_ENGINE_LOCK_ID` (`BLOCKING_ENGINE_LOCK_ID`,`ENGINE`),
  KEY `REQUESTING_ENGINE_TRANSACTION_ID` (`REQUESTING_ENGINE_TRANSACTION_ID`,`ENGINE`),
  KEY `BLOCKING_ENGINE_TRANSACTION_ID` (`BLOCKING_ENGINE_TRANSACTION_ID`,`ENGINE`),
  KEY `REQUESTING_THREAD_ID` (`REQUESTING_THREAD_ID`,`REQUESTING_EVENT_ID`),
  KEY `BLOCKING_THREAD_ID` (`BLOCKING_THREAD_ID`,`BLOCKING_EVENT_ID`)
) ENGINE=PERFORMANCE_SCHEMA DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8mb4 COLLATE=utf8mb4_0900_ai_ci
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

说明:

  • ENGINE:请求的锁的引擎

  • REQUESTING_ENGINE_LOCK_ID:请求的锁在存储引擎中的锁ID

  • REQUESTING_ENGINE_TRANSACTION_ID:请求锁的事务对应的事务ID

  • REQUESTING_THREAD_ID:请求锁的线程ID

  • REQUESTING_EVENT_ID:请求锁的EVENT ID

  • REQUESTING_OBJECT_INSTANCE_BEGIN:请求的锁的内存地址

  • BLOCKING_ENGINE_LOCK_ID:阻塞的锁的ID,对应data_locks表的ENGINE_LOCK_ID列

  • BLOCKING_ENGINE_TRANSACTION_ID:锁阻塞的事务ID

  • BLOCKING_THREAD_ID:锁阻塞的线程ID

  • BLOCKING_EVENT_ID:锁阻塞的EVENT ID

  • BLOCKING_OBJECT_INSTANCE_BEGIN:阻塞的锁内存地址

我们找几个案例来看一下:

主键|Lock_X

session1session2begin;begin;update t1 set c1='b' where id=1;

update t1 set c1='c' where id=1;等待

查看data_locks表和data_lock_waits表

mysql> select * from data_locks;
+--------+------------------------------------+-----------------------+-----------+----------+---------------+-------------+----------------+-------------------+------------+-----------------------+-----------+---------------+-------------+-----------+
| ENGINE | ENGINE_LOCK_ID                     | ENGINE_TRANSACTION_ID | THREAD_ID | EVENT_ID | OBJECT_SCHEMA | OBJECT_NAME | PARTITION_NAME | SUBPARTITION_NAME | INDEX_NAME | OBJECT_INSTANCE_BEGIN | LOCK_TYPE | LOCK_MODE     | LOCK_STATUS | LOCK_DATA |
+--------+------------------------------------+-----------------------+-----------+----------+---------------+-------------+----------------+-------------------+------------+-----------------------+-----------+---------------+-------------+-----------+
| INNODB | 2512491671792:1088:2512457467624   |                  5036 |       445 |       47 | xucl          | t1          | NULL           | NULL              | NULL       |         2512457467624 | TABLE     | IX            | GRANTED     | NULL      |
| INNODB | 2512491671792:31:4:2:2512457464840 |                  5036 |       445 |       47 | xucl          | t1          | NULL           | NULL              | PRIMARY    |         2512457464840 | RECORD    | X,REC_NOT_GAP | WAITING     | 1         |
| INNODB | 2512491670944:1088:2512457462648   |                  5035 |       444 |       15 | xucl          | t1          | NULL           | NULL              | NULL       |         2512457462648 | TABLE     | IX            | GRANTED     | NULL      |
| INNODB | 2512491670944:31:4:2:2512457459864 |                  5035 |       444 |       15 | xucl          | t1          | NULL           | NULL              | PRIMARY    |         2512457459864 | RECORD    | X,REC_NOT_GAP | GRANTED     | 1         |
+--------+------------------------------------+-----------------------+-----------+----------+---------------+-------------+----------------+-------------------+------------+-----------------------+-----------+---------------+-------------+-----------+
4 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> select * from data_lock_waits;
+--------+------------------------------------+----------------------------------+----------------------+---------------------+----------------------------------+------------------------------------+--------------------------------+--------------------+-------------------+--------------------------------+
| ENGINE | REQUESTING_ENGINE_LOCK_ID          | REQUESTING_ENGINE_TRANSACTION_ID | REQUESTING_THREAD_ID | REQUESTING_EVENT_ID | REQUESTING_OBJECT_INSTANCE_BEGIN | BLOCKING_ENGINE_LOCK_ID            | BLOCKING_ENGINE_TRANSACTION_ID | BLOCKING_THREAD_ID | BLOCKING_EVENT_ID | BLOCKING_OBJECT_INSTANCE_BEGIN |
+--------+------------------------------------+----------------------------------+----------------------+---------------------+----------------------------------+------------------------------------+--------------------------------+--------------------+-------------------+--------------------------------+
| INNODB | 2512491671792:31:4:2:2512457464840 |                             5036 |                  445 |                  47 |                    2512457464840 | 2512491670944:31:4:2:2512457459864 |                           5035 |                444 |                15 |                  2512457459864 |
+--------+------------------------------------+----------------------------------+----------------------+---------------------+----------------------------------+------------------------------------+--------------------------------+--------------------+-------------------+--------------------------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

分析:

  • 从data_locks表可以看出,线程ID为444的会话持有了xucl.t1表的id=1的主键排他记录锁,和表级别的IX锁

  • 结合data_lock_waits表可以看出,线程ID为445的会话等待xucl.t1表的主键上的排他记录锁

二级索引|next-key lock

session1session2begin;begin;update c2='a' where c1='d';

update c2='a' where c1='d';等待

查看data_locks表和data_lock_waits表

mysql> select * from data_locks;
+--------+------------------------------------+-----------------------+-----------+----------+---------------+-------------+----------------+-------------------+------------+-----------------------+-----------+---------------+-------------+-----------+
| ENGINE | ENGINE_LOCK_ID                     | ENGINE_TRANSACTION_ID | THREAD_ID | EVENT_ID | OBJECT_SCHEMA | OBJECT_NAME | PARTITION_NAME | SUBPARTITION_NAME | INDEX_NAME | OBJECT_INSTANCE_BEGIN | LOCK_TYPE | LOCK_MODE     | LOCK_STATUS | LOCK_DATA |
+--------+------------------------------------+-----------------------+-----------+----------+---------------+-------------+----------------+-------------------+------------+-----------------------+-----------+---------------+-------------+-----------+
| INNODB | 2512491671792:1088:2512457467624   |                  5068 |       445 |       50 | xucl          | t1          | NULL           | NULL              | NULL       |         2512457467624 | TABLE     | IX            | GRANTED     | NULL      |
| INNODB | 2512491671792:31:5:5:2512457464840 |                  5068 |       445 |       50 | xucl          | t1          | NULL           | NULL              | idx_c1     |         2512457464840 | RECORD    | X             | WAITING     | 'd', 4    |
| INNODB | 2512491670944:1088:2512457462648   |                  5067 |       444 |       39 | xucl          | t1          | NULL           | NULL              | NULL       |         2512457462648 | TABLE     | IX            | GRANTED     | NULL      |
| INNODB | 2512491670944:31:5:5:2512457459864 |                  5067 |       444 |       39 | xucl          | t1          | NULL           | NULL              | idx_c1     |         2512457459864 | RECORD    | X             | GRANTED     | 'd', 4    |
| INNODB | 2512491670944:31:4:7:2512457460208 |                  5067 |       444 |       39 | xucl          | t1          | NULL           | NULL              | PRIMARY    |         2512457460208 | RECORD    | X,REC_NOT_GAP | GRANTED     | 4         |
| INNODB | 2512491670944:31:5:6:2512457460552 |                  5067 |       444 |       39 | xucl          | t1          | NULL           | NULL              | idx_c1     |         2512457460552 | RECORD    | X,GAP         | GRANTED     | 'e', 5    |
+--------+------------------------------------+-----------------------+-----------+----------+---------------+-------------+----------------+-------------------+------------+-----------------------+-----------+---------------+-------------+-----------+
6 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> select * from data_lock_waits;
+--------+------------------------------------+----------------------------------+----------------------+---------------------+----------------------------------+------------------------------------+--------------------------------+--------------------+-------------------+--------------------------------+
| ENGINE | REQUESTING_ENGINE_LOCK_ID          | REQUESTING_ENGINE_TRANSACTION_ID | REQUESTING_THREAD_ID | REQUESTING_EVENT_ID | REQUESTING_OBJECT_INSTANCE_BEGIN | BLOCKING_ENGINE_LOCK_ID            | BLOCKING_ENGINE_TRANSACTION_ID | BLOCKING_THREAD_ID | BLOCKING_EVENT_ID | BLOCKING_OBJECT_INSTANCE_BEGIN |
+--------+------------------------------------+----------------------------------+----------------------+---------------------+----------------------------------+------------------------------------+--------------------------------+--------------------+-------------------+--------------------------------+
| INNODB | 2512491671792:31:5:5:2512457464840 |                             5068 |                  445 |                  50 |                    2512457464840 | 2512491670944:31:5:5:2512457459864 |                           5067 |                444 |                39 |                  2512457459864 |
+--------+------------------------------------+----------------------------------+----------------------+---------------------+----------------------------------+------------------------------------+--------------------------------+--------------------+-------------------+--------------------------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

分析:

  • 从data_locks表可以看到,线程ID为444的会话持有的锁有

    • xucl.t1表上的IX锁

    • 表xucl.t1索引idx_c1上的'd',4这条记录的next-key lock(这里LOCK_MODE只显示了X表示这是next-key lock)

    • 表xucl.t1索引idx_c1上的'e',5这条记录的GAP lock(二级索引等值条件需要扫描到第一条不满足的记录,转换成GAP Lock)

    • 表xucl.t1索引主键索引上id=4这条记录的record Lock,类型为排他

  • 结合data_lock_waits表,可以看出

    • 等待的锁为xucl.t1表上索引idx_c1上的'd',4这条记录的next-key lock,类型为排他类型

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